Spread of deadly Superbugs that evade antibiotics happening globally to Kill 10 Million People A Year:
(Dailymail Reported) Doling out too many antibiotics ‘will make even scratches deadly’:
- Spread of deadly superbugs that evade antibiotics is happening globally
- It’s now a major threat to public health, the World Health Organisation says
- It could mean minor injuries and common infections become fatal
Deaths from cuts and grazes, diarrhea and flu will soon be common as antibiotics lose their power to fight minor infections, experts have warned.
The World Health Organisation says the problem has been caused by antibiotics being so widely prescribed that bacteria have begun to evolve and develop resistance.
It claims the crisis is worse than the Aids epidemic – which has caused 25 million deaths worldwide – and threatens to turn the clock back on modern medicine.
The WHO warns that the public should ‘anticipate many more deaths’ as it may become routine for children to develop lethal infections from minor grazes, while hospital operations become deadly as patients are at risk of developing infections that were previously treatable.
Doctors are increasingly finding that antibiotics no longer work against urinary and skin infections, tuberculosis and gonorrhea.
The review also described superbugs as a big terrorism risk, against which people haven’t developed new antibiotics effective enough to fight.
Plans are being made to kick off campaigns to raise the global awareness of superbugs and their deadlines, and it also calls for global organizations to establish funds for relative research and developing new antibiotics.
There truly is a genuine fear that the world is entering itself into a post-antibiotic era.
It is time to stop running to the doctor every time you get a cold for antibiotics, by doing so you are risking the whole world! You are doing way more harm than good for your body and once you actually need them they will no longer be effective.
The WHO is urging the public to take simple precautions, such as washing hands to prevent bacteria from spreading in the first place. Read More at (Daily Mail)
Jennifer Cohn of the international medical charity Médecins Sans Frontières agreed with the WHO’s assessment and confirmed the problem had spread to many corners of the world.
‘We see horrendous rates of antibiotic resistance wherever we look in our field operations, including children admitted to nutritional centres in Niger, and people in our surgical and trauma units in Syria,’ she said.
Earlier this month, Government body NICE said that one in 16 patients are developing infections on NHS wards because of poor hygiene among staff.
NICE said 800 patients a day, the equivalent of 300,000 a year, are infected by a member of staff or by dirty equipment. It is estimated the infections cause 5,000 deaths annually and contribute to another 15,000.
NY Times Reported : ‘Superbugs’ Kill India’s Babies and Pose an Overseas Threat.
A deadly epidemic that could have global implications is quietly sweeping India, and among its many victims are tens of thousands of newborns dying because once-miraculous cures no longer work.
These infants are born with bacterial infections that are resistant to most known antibiotics, and more than 58,000 died last year as a result, a recent study found. While that is still a fraction of the nearly 800,000newborns who die annually in India, Indian pediatricians say that the rising toll of resistant infections could soon swamp efforts to improve India’s abysmal infant death rate. Nearly a third of the world’s newborn deaths occur in India.
“Five years ago, we almost never saw these kinds of infections,” said Dr. Neelam Kler, chairwoman of the department of neonatology at New Delhi’s Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, one of India’s most prestigious private hospitals. “Now, close to 100 percent of the babies referred to us have multidrug resistant infections. It’s scary.”
Global health Now Reported :
Nearly 1/3 of the world’s newborn deaths occur in India where 58,000 babies die annually from superbugs.
With that number bound to increase, “India is absolutely in the frontline for the problem of antibiotic resistance globally,” says Ramanan Laxminarayan, director of the Centre for Disease Dynamics, Economics and Policy, based in New Delhi and Washington DC.
Recent successes in reducing the country’s infant mortality rate are at risk. And the rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria threatens to extend far beyond India’s borders. Researchers have found that at least 1 antibiotic-resistant bacteria first identified in India has now spread to more than 70 countries.
A recent study has found that despite early detection and appropriate medical attention, thousands of neonates in India with sepsis and pneumonia (both common ailments in newborns) died.
WHAT CAUSES ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE?
Antibiotics are substances that kill or interfere with the growth of microorganisms, especially bacteria. But not all microorganisms are susceptible to all antibiotics, according to Public Health England.
Microorganisms which are not killed or inhibited by an antibiotic are called ‘antibiotic resistant’.
They continue to grow and multiply in the presence of that antibiotics.
There are several ways in which bacteria can be resistant. Some destroy the antibiotic, for example by producing enzymes against it; some prevent the antibiotic getting into their cells; others get the antibiotic out of their cells before it can harm them.
HOW DOES RESISTANCE DEVELOP?
Some bacteria are naturally resistant; new resistances also arise spontaneously by chance mutations and these resistant strains then multiply.
Some resistances can be passed from one bacterium to another, spreading resistance between species. Loops of DNA (called plasmids) carry the resistance genes from one bacterium to another.
When an antibiotic is given, it kills the sensitive bacteria, but any resistant ones can survive and multiply.
The more antibiotics are used (in animals and agriculture as well as in man) the greater will be the “selective pressure”, favouring resistant strains – i.e. survival of the fittest.
Antibiotics don’t ’cause’ resistance; rather, they create an environment which favours the growth of resistant varians which already exist in nature or arise by chance.